Thursday, November 27, 2014

1548 Wappenbuch

Having a distinctive coat of arms is great for many reasons, none more so than adding a level of certainty when chasing visual references to your family history. In pursuing a lead last evening I found another such reference.


Unlike a lion, or a geometric shape, three bee hives and unmistakable. The name above says "Burron" which is how the name of the town Büren, for which we are named was once written. As as pursued many of the additional 900 pages online I recognized other Swiss families of note, among them Erlach, Hofmeister, and Neuchâtel.

The author and painter Vigil Raber created in the 16th century a collection of 7244 coats of arms of families primarily (I believe) from within the Holy Roman Empire. The book is housed in the Duchess Anna Amalia Library in Weimar, Germany, a public research library for literary and cultural history with a collection focusing on German literature from the period around 1800. It also preserves literary documents dating from the 9th to the 21st centuries as sources of cultural history and research, indexes them according to form and content and makes them available for use. The library collection amounts to 1 million articles.




Select images from his 1548 Wappenbuch follow.






Saturday, November 22, 2014

Château Lafayette

In conducting some research this past week, I stumbled across a rare document currently for sale at the Raab Collection, a renowned historical document dealer, penned by the Marquis de Lafayette in 1829 in which the de Büren family is mentioned.

Lafayette as a lieutenant general, in 1791. Portrait by Joseph-Désiré Court

Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette (1757-1834) was a French aristocrat and military officer who fought for the U.S. in the American Revolutionary War and was close friend of George Washington. He was also a key figure in the 1789 French revolution as well as the 1830 July revolution which saw the overthrow of King Charles X. For his accomplishments in the service of both France and the United States, he is sometimes known as “The Hero of the Two Worlds”.

The letter was written from Lafayette to the General of Engineers, Baron Simon Bernard (1779-1839) who at the time was part of the U.S. Board of Engineers. Like Lafayette he would return to France in 1830 and assist in the “Second French Revolution”. In the letter Lafayette asks Bernard if he could assist a M. de Büren and a M. Zehender who along with other Swiss who are eager to found an agricultural concern in Florida, with the principal intention of planting wine grapes.

Letter original © Raab Collection

The transcribed French text and English translation follow below:

Paris, 29 avril 1829

Je ne sais, Mon cher Général, quand et ou cette lettre vous parviendra; mais je voudrais bien vous présenter M. M. de Büren et Zehender qui vont avec quelques vignerons en Floride pour former un établissement. C’est d’après les renseignements qui me furent envoyés de Tallahassee que ces messieurs ont pris parti. Ils sont liés avec M. Morlot de Crousaz, riche citoyen de Berne, qui souhaite lui même porter des capitaux en Floride. Il paraît que le gouvernement helvétique s’occupe d’encourager l’émigration Suisse vers les Etats-Unis; cela vaudrait bien mieux que ces capitulations au service des monarques européens, dont les nations ne veulent plus, et dont la Suisse elle même est fort d’égouttée. M. de Büren était officier dans les troupes Suisses des Pays Bas, c’est le seul des deux qui est passé à Paris.  Ce jeune homme est Républicain à la manière Américaine; Il veut établir en Floride, en nommément sur mes propriétés, une habitation cultivée par des mains blanches et libres. Il s’agit d’introduire en Floride la culture de la vigne, de l’olivier, du ver à soie. Si cet essai est bien accueilli dans le pays, et que ces messieurs en vendent de bons comptes chez eux, j’espère qu’il en reviendra à la Floride un accroissement de capital agricole et l’introduction de bons cultivateurs. Vous savez combien l’état de l’Ohio a profité des emigrations. Pourquoi ne rendrait-on pas le même service aux belles salubres et fertiles parties de la Floride? Je donne à ces M. M. une lettre pour mon ami et fondé de pouvoir Graham; et je vous prie de leur rendre les services qui dépendront de vous. Recevez, mon cher Général, l’expression de la tendre amitié que je vous ai vouée pour la vie. Lafayette.


Paris, April 29, 1829

I do not know, my dear General, when or where this letter will reach you; but I would like to present to you Messieurs de Buren and Zehender, who are traveling to Florida with some winegrowers to form a business concern. These gentlemen have undertaken this course of action based upon the information I received from Tallahassee. They are associated with M. Morlot de Crousaz, a rich citizen of Bern, who wishes to personally invest in Florida. It appears that the Helvetic government is encouraging Swiss immigration to the United States; which is far better than surrendering to the service of European monarchs, which the nations no longer want, and with which Switzerland itself is wholly disgusted. M. de Buren was an officer in the Swiss guards in the Netherlands; he is the only one of the two to have come to Paris. This young man is a Republican in the American fashion; he wants to establish himself in Florida, principally on my land, a property cultivated by free whites. It concerns introducing grape vines, olive trees, and silkworms into Florida. If this effort is well received, and if these gentlemen do well financially, I hope that Florida will see an increase in its agricultural capital and the introduction of good farmers. You know well how the state of Ohio has profited from emigration. Why would we not give the same assistance to the healthy and fertile areas of Florida? I am giving to these gentlemen a letter for my friend and Commissioner Graham; and I bid you to give them the help they need. Accept, my dear General, my warmest expressions of devoted life-long friendship. Lafayette


The family member is question is Louis Amedé de Büren (1802-1879), the first family member to emigrate to the United States and found the renamed Van Buren branch. Louis had served in the Swiss guards in Holland as indicated in the letter, was deeply disenchanted with European society and was looking for a fresh start in the United States.

Louis did in fact emigrate to the United States in 1829, passed through Baltimore and arrived ultimately in Madison, Indiana where he settled down. The letter from Lafayette poses many new questions for me however. Did Louis go to Florida first? Did he go to Indiana with other Swiss emigrants, with plans on moving onto Florida but never go? Did his fellow Bernese compatriot, Zehender go to Florida in his place?

Beyond the importance to my family history, I find the link to the wine fascinating. The first american commercial winery has its roots in Indiana thanks to Swiss emigrants who left Vevey on the lake of Geneva at the end of the 18th century and settled in Vevay, Indiana, the seat of Switzerland county. To commemorate the wine heritage of the region, Vevay holds the Swiss Wine Festival every year in late August.

Whatever the reason, Louis not making it to Florida to grow grapes was for the best. Given the tropical climate and grapevine diseases, viniculture in the sunshine state is very difficult, and would have certainly been a losing proposition in 1829.

Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Armance Illustrated

Family archives are varied not only by their historical import but also by the nature of the types of objects grouped within. The following book is a prime example.



It is a 1967 French paperback of Stendhal’s Armance, a romance novel originally published in 1827 which revolves around Octave de Malivert, a taciturn but brilliant young man, who is attracted to Armance Zohiloff, who shares his feelings. It describes how a series of misunderstandings have kept the lovers Armance and Octave divided.

The book in and of itself in unremarkable, something you could buy in Paris at a used book shop for a couple of Euros. However, the axiom “never judge a book by its cover” is uniquely appropriate here, for when I loosely thumbed its pages I found countless small drawings adorning them. They appear to be inspired by the text and were done by a family friend as a gift.

The inscription says (translated from French): “To Alfred and Natalie Copponex from François Fosch, with gratitude for the enduring memories.”

Armance had a surprise for me that went beyond the story of two young lovers.









Saturday, July 26, 2014

Your papers please

As a creative and designer I have always loved passports, passport stamps and the design of official state documentation. I am in the midst of renewing my Swiss passport, so finding two early 19th century passports that belonged to my great-great-great-grandfather, Albert de Büren was very timely.

I loved finding and examining these treasures. Everything about them interests me, the design of the document, the stamps and the handwriting of each individual. In looking at each stamp, I am transported to these European locales, and I start to ponder: What was my ancestor thinking at the time? How was he treated by the official who signed his pass? What uniform did the official wear? Where was the document stamped, etc., etc.


The first document is a Prussian passport from Albert's 1813 journey to Breslau (now in Western Poland) and Vienna.

Passport front

Passport front detail

Stamp from Breslau

Stamp from Vienna as well as the Swiss consulate in Vienna

Return route stamp from Munich

Return route stamp from Zürich



The second document is a Neuchâtel passport from Albert's 1818 journey to Nice which was part of the Kingdom of Sardinia at the time.

Passport front

Passport detail – Coat of Arms

Passport detail – Physical characteristics

Albert's signature

Passport underside

Stamp of the French legation to Switzerland

Stamp of the Sardinian legation to Switzerland

Stamp of the Swiss consulate in Marseille

Stamps from Nizza (Nice)

Return stamp from Lyon

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Une artiste genevoise

My great-aunt Natalie de Buren was a very talented artist and I have often felt that she never received the exposure her art deserved. Whether that was a product of the time, or her desire not to have her work continuously shown is unclear. As a token of my personal esteem for her creative body of work I designed a small booklet to introduce more people to her genius.

She was born in 1903 in the small town of Santa Victoria near Chazón in the Argentine state of Córdoba, where her father had emigrated 12 years earlier from Switzerland to start a cattle ranch. She was the fourth of eight children and lived on the family ranch known as “La Elisa” until she was seven, when in 1911, the de Buren family returned to Switzerland for the children’s schooling. Only Natalie’s younger brother Charles (Carlos) would return to Argentina to live—he appears to have been given no choice. Most of the children when they came of age preferred to stay in Switzerland.

Natalie had a great passion for art, one that was certainly nurtured by a recognition that she was continuing a long family tradition of creative endeavors. She was a prolific artist, her most important creative period occurring between the two world wars. She engaged in many artistic styles, but sculpture appears to be her first love.

Like many artists of her generation, she looked beyond Europe’s borders for creative inspiration. Hers came in the 1930s when she ventured to Haiti to visit her sister Jeanne who had married a major coffee exporter on the island. One of the most successful art shows (and tragically, one of the only I can find information on) for Natalie came when she displayed her “Martiniquaises” inspired by Caribbean latitudes.

In 1940, Natalie would marry Alfred Copponex, a dashing man from an old Geneva family eight years her senior. Alfred was a widower, his first wife Rachel Hélène Revilliod, an extremely talented watercolorist died in 1937, leaving a young daughter that Natalie helped raise.

I met Natalie for the first time in the mid-1980s in French-speaking Switzerland when she was being cared for at a nursing home. She was still a beautiful woman, but tragically the ravages of dementia were slowly taking their toll. In that afternoon meeting one thing was clear, she still cared deeply about her art. She became visibly agitated when she pondered about who would look after her life’s creative work. It almost seemed like a plea for help.

Soon after much of her art—which had not had any interest—was purchased by my father and brought to California. As she was a relatively unknown artist, it is my view that he saved many or her drawings and sculptures from an unknown fate.


Natalie de Buren, une artiste genevoise can be purchased through blurb here. Enjoy.






Tuesday, April 29, 2014

A Lifetime of Memories

All that is left is for the cleaners to come. All that is left is for the last couple of items to be taken to the new house. All that is left is for a new family to make it their own. All that is left is for me to remember what was.

My parents recently sold their home of 44 years, I assumed they would always live there.

My mother’s frequent insistence of one day downsizing and finding a small house on the water (to which I would glance at my father slowly shaking his head as if to say “never gonna happen”) was the stuff of fantasy. She was telling me all along what she really wanted, her happiest childhood memories were trips to the shore in her native New Brunswick, I don’t think I ever properly listened.

When my parents announced last year that they would indeed place their home on the market, I was taken aback, but supported them fully in their decision (my own complicated range of emotions only surfacing later). Thus began an odyssey of countless open houses, private viewings, and initial tepid interest.

Earlier this spring my parents were about to take the home off the market–resigned to stay in a house that was now too big for them–when three solid offers arrived in quick succession. The offers, most importantly, were from people who loved my childhood home, as is. The home that my parents built and loved for four decades is no fixer-upper and as a result they did not want to sell to someone who would merely knock it down and erect some gaudy particle board mega-mansion.

When the inspections has all been cleared and the papers signed, the news hit me with grim finality. I remember penning a Facebook post on the day the deal closed, emotion washing over me in waves, tears streaming down my cheeks.

When I was very young, I was a very sensitive child, and the world can be a scary place for a misunderstood soul. I now find my emotional resonance as a gift, but I didn’t for a long time, choosing to focus on my aptitude for intellectual rigor and the ego convenience of proving myself right when it suited me. I have been changing for years–reuniting with my authentic self–and parting with this place was merely the final act, the refuge of my youth gone forever, I have come full circle.


Construction site, 1970

Here I want to remember what I loved most about the home I grew up in. Were there arguments there? Yes. Did teenage angst pay a visit? A long one, yes. Was it gum drop sweetness and light 24/7? No, but which home is. I would be clearly disingenuous if I claimed it was. It was however a place of warmth–one where music, art, food and nature were celebrated.

What follows is a thematic ode to what I remember best about my childhood and the home that made it unique. They are not in any specific order of importance–they all left indelible marks.


The Swimming Pool

Sometimes I felt that I must have been a dolphin or some other aquatic creature in a former life because I loved the water so. The pool was the scene of countless cannonballs contests of whose splash was the largest and close-eyed games of Marco Polo with my siblings and friends.

My greatest joy by far was being under water, sounds muffled and filtered sunlight passing through the undulating surface creating rhythmic patterns on the bottom of the pool. It always gave me a sense of indescribable peace and in those moments my mind would go blank and what ever preoccupied me would fade away.


The Garden

For many years I had a love/hate relationship with the garden. One part of me was in awe of all the work that my father had done, transforming a barren acre lot in 1970 into a lush oasis. The other part of me felt the heavy yoke of being gardener second class–the rake and the wheel barrow my trusty sidekicks. Gardening was therapy for my father, after all the raking I needed some.


The house early with a very prominent fence a couple of small trees

Spring and Summer were by far my favorite times of year. The garden was in bloom, the roses fragrant, the fruit trees laden with peaches, cherries, french prunes, and later on pears and apples. Fall on the other hand was not, enough with the raking already.

Truthfully, I don’t know how he did it. Many people over the years walked on the terraced hillsides dotted with mature trees, flowering plants and countless rose varieties and asked my father, “so who is your gardener?” When they learned the truth, their jaws would drop.



The new owners are getting one of the finest gardens I know of, designed by a true artist.


My Dogs

Our first dog was a long haired German Shepherd by the name of Baron who was an incredible companion. He was very gentle with me as a baby and I loved playing with him as I got older. We would go for long walks along the fire road on the unspoiled hill behind the house and explore nature together. We played fetch, I would sneak him treats at dinner time and he always tried to rescue me when I went swimming.



Baron died at eleven. He had returned from a procedure at the vet and was very weak. The next morning I found him unresponsive in the entryway of the house on the cool stone floor–his favorite spot. We had many other great animals (all Shepherds) but there is nothing like your first dog, and nothing as crushing as your first loss.


Watching the 49ers

The San Francisco 49ers were in their ascendency as I turned 10 and for the remainder of the 80s I remember watching many games with my Dad, siblings and friends. There were many highs, “The Catch,” Super Bowl victories and a number of gut-wrenching losses, but I reveled in rooting for a team that always had a shot.


I remember often having lunch with my dad by the TV on a Sunday afternoon, cheering on Montana, Young and crew. My dad, not one to lose time on the weekend, would quickly do some yard work at halftime and then watch the second half on and off depending on how far ahead we were.

The games that stick in my mind till this day are the win against the Dallas Cowboys in 1981 to go to our first Super Bowl, the 1986 loss to the NY Giants, the 1987 loss to the Minnesota Vikings and the 1994 win against the Cowboys in the NFC conference championship. The 1994 game was especially memorable because it was the last NFL game I saw live for a number of years, as I moved to Switzerland soon after.


Music, Art & Literature

Music was almost always on in our house. My father adored Opera and would listen late into the night in the living room, arias reverberating around the large space. My mother preferred R&B, Gospel and Country, and when I was older I found New Wave. I would sit for hours in front of the stereo in the living room listening to records with the headphones on, often singing aloud, making reel-to-reel party mixes or cassette compilations for my walkman or my friends.

A highlight for me was when my dad received the gift a state-of-the-art SONY stereo system as a thank you for a project that has gone well that including the newly released CD player. My father immediately purchased a number of CDs–all Classical–and I was allowed to purchase one for myself. After some deliberation I chose Sweet Dreams by the Eurythmics.

Art and literature surrounded me growing up as well, and I am deeply thankful for that. As a creative I learned that there was value beyond just the finished work. There was also great worth in the act of creative exploration and artistic expression. I absorbed this through my ancestor’s journals, letters, sketches and visual studies. Their example taught me to look beyond my own deeply critical eye, remove my self-imposed shackles and see where a line, a color, a word, or an idea could lead me.


Food & Entertainment

My parents entertained a good deal, or at least that was my recollection. My father is an accomplished cook, my mother a consummate host. They entertained both regally and simply. An informal dinner for close friends or a multi-course dinner for 20 complete with lavish table settings, fine china, silver service and floral centerpieces. I learned both the art of cooking from my father and flower arranging and setting a table from my mother. I have gotten out of many a tight scrape knowing the difference between a Burgundy and Bordeaux wine goblet.

While the settings may have at times been formal, the atmosphere was never stuffy. There was always a warmth to the hospitality, and for those who appreciated good food and fine wine, a satisfying evening was always in store.


Christmas was a time I remember fondly. Garlands adorned the banisters, familiar festive songs played, a fire roared in the hearth, and a 12-foot tree with so many ornaments, its branches were hardly seen. There were also the familiar dishes that I can still taste now; turkey with stuffing, candied yams and lemon tart.

One event though clearly stands out above the rest, my wedding day. May 19, 2001 I married my wife outside in the garden with family and friends in attendance under a rose trellis. I couldn’t have imagined taking such solemn vows anywhere else.


_______________

As with any great celebration of life, I will always remember what this hallowed ground has meant to me and will carry the spirit of this place with me for the rest of my days. It inspires me to foster an environment where my children can make lasting memories in our own house, their childhood home.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Etudes

In 1791, the Baron Charles Philippe de Büren of Vaumarcus, a dedicated artist and someone who saw the divinity in all nature, made a series of copper plate etchings which he grouped under the name "Etudes aprés Différents Maitres" or Studies after different masters. I have grouped all those that I can accurately identify as his work, as they were not bound together in one volume. More information on him can be found here. Enjoy.










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